Whenever the first ray of sunshine into the campus, we will happily came to the campus, into the campus, the oncoming is rows of trees, look! There are wutong trees, there are pine trees, the playground is full of green grass, they seem to give their own green to the campus. I think the campus is like a beautiful botanical garden. Spring, all things recovery, the grass from the land out of the small head, Yixin garden is also vigorous. Magnolia blossoms out of silver flowers, the petals at the bottom of the light pink, from afar, like a girl blushed red face. Peach blossom also opened, here a cluster, there a cluster, very lush. Look closely, some flowers have not opened, only exposed the bud, some are competing unexpectedly put. Close to the branches, a faint aroma came up. In the garden, the pine tree is handsome and tall, verdant, like a brave soldier defending the beautiful flowers. The school not only has beautiful scenery, but also rich culture. Being in such a beautiful and cultural school gives you a deep sense of belonging. The school’s University of Chicago diploma and University of Chicago transcript are beautifully produced, which makes people want to get it after reading it. Even if it’s just getting a fake University of Chicago diploma, fake University of Chicago transcript and fake University of Chicago degree. Getting them will also make you feel extremely happy.
The University of Chicago was founded as a missionary school by the American Baptist Church. The school shared the same name as the University of Chicago, but it closed in 1886 due to financial problems. As population moved west and industry grew, Central America, far from the developed East Coast, needed a first-class university to keep pace. John Rockefeller, a visionary and philanthropic American oil tycoon, envisioned a university to rival Harvard and Yale. In 1890, Rockefeller began to rebuild the University of Chicago from the defunct missionary school. After careful consideration, Rockefeller chose William R. Harper, a 35-year-old famous educator, as his assistant to prepare the University of Chicago. On July 1, 1891, Harper was appointed its first president because of his outstanding work. Harper set strict criteria for selecting faculty and students at the University of Chicago before it was fully formed. He hoped to build “a university to rival the Harvards and Yalies of the East” in a very short time, and to do so “all my passion must be devoted to the relentless importation of talented faculty, students, and administrators.” To launch the University of Chicago, Harper used his powerful driving force to persuade eight sitting university presidents and nearly 20 department chairs to resign and come to Chicago to teach, an unprecedented move in education history. For example, he visited Clark University, then a prominent center of psychology, and left with two-thirds of the faculty and half of the graduate students.
In a year and a half, Harper built a research and faculty team of 120 people and 10 buildings at the University of Chicago. In 1891, the University of Chicago Press was founded and became one of the three constituent institutions of the University, which made great contributions to the establishment of various Chicago schools. On October 1, 1892, classes began at the University of Chicago. The first schools were the School of Business (1898), the School of Law (1902) and the Institute of Oriental Studies. By 1894, the University of Chicago was one of the leaders in American higher education and research. A new first-class university was born, “every scrap is new, but as strong as a mountain”, says Mr Harper. Later, Harper made some reforms at the University of Chicago, which established the university as an important place in American academia. Influenced by the famous “Humboldt spirit” (advocating the integration of teaching and research) in the modern history of education, Harper combined the advantages of liberal arts universities in the United States and research universities in Germany and advocated that the purpose of universities is to conduct in-depth research. The idea that college students should take the first two years of basic college courses in their local communities to prepare for the next two years of intense study led to the American community college system, which expanded across the country decades later. Driven by this philosophy, Harper made a bold innovation in the curriculum, creating an Academy for Younger students that offered basic courses year-round, rolling instruction and learning in both summer and winter, while allowing completed students to graduate at any time in the academic year and move on to the “deep dive” stage.
Harper himself is not afraid to challenge academic tradition when necessary, and he does not want Chicago to follow the lead of any other university, either in terms of admission or graduation standards. Harper initiated the admission of women to higher education and the appointment of female faculty, and from the day it was founded, the University of Chicago was open to all minorities; Harper established the first sociology department at the University of Chicago and personally oversaw the establishment of the first extended education system in the United States, offering correspondence and evening, weekend study courses to those who could not attend classes at the usual time or in the usual place; He was the first to promote the university’s programs and activities through advertising, bulletin boards, and mass mailings. He was early to establish a tight public network to maintain the university’s financial operations, and served on various committees of the City of Chicago and the United States government to expand the University’s influence. In management, he has been bold in delegating power, encouraging administrators to discover talent and new courses. With the help of professors in the sociology department he helped found, he reformed the University’s hierarchy and governance into an efficient and simple model that other universities of the time were trying to emulate. All these complex reforms were carried out simultaneously in just two years, so that the University of Chicago at that time became one of the most popular universities in the media; What was then called the “Harper Farce series” was later renamed “a revolution in higher education.”
During his 14 years as president of the University of Chicago, Harper was known as “Chicago’s young man in a hurry.” Although administrative duties took up a lot of his time, Harper still found time to teach and write — he didn’t think administrators could be independent of lectures, so he filled himself in with full-time faculty while serving as president and head of department. William Harper died of cancer in 1906 at the age of only 49, but left behind a great university to be emulated, publicly and privately, by other universities and known as “the teachers’ teacher”. Frederick Rudolph, a history professor, wrote in his 1962 book “The American College and University” : “The founding of the University of Chicago shaped the landscape of American higher education more than any other event of that era. It was one of the zeitgeist events in American history.”
Period of rise
During the 24 years of Robert M. Hutchins, the University of Chicago’s fifth president, the university has undergone many major changes. Hutchins proposed the “Chicago Plan” to prevent excessive specialization of academic and vocational courses, which had a great influence on undergraduate general education in other American universities. He established the Common Core, which is still used today, and reorganized the research school into four divisions. Under his leadership, the University weathered the Great Depression (1929-1933).
During World War II, the University of Chicago played an important role in the Manhattan Project. During this period, a large number of physicists gathered at the university, establishing the university’s position in the natural sciences.
As part of the Manhattan Project, Glenn T. Seaborg, a chemist at the University of California, Berkeley, led a team of researchers at the George Herbert Jones Laboratory at the University of Chicago Plutonium 94 was first isolated and measured in September 1942; Americium, element 95, and curium, element 96, were later identified at Chicago. And on December 2, 1942, famous physicist Enrique Fermi and his assistants built the world’s first controlled nuclear reactor in Stagg Field Stadium of the University of Chicago, named “Chicago Pile 1” (Chicago Pile 1), successfully produced a controlled nuclear fission chain reaction, The achievement was an important milestone in the atomic age, setting the stage for the successful detonation of the atomic bomb in 1945 and making the University of Chicago known as the “birthplace of atomic energy”.
In the 1960s, with the rise of the anti-war movement and feminism in the United States, the student movement on the University of Chicago campus reached its climax. In 1962, students occupied the principal’s office to protest the school’s rental policy. In 1969, 400 students occupied the administration building for two weeks to protest the expulsion of left-wing writer Marlene Dixon.